The current lending landscape for SME builders is bleak.
A survey last year by the Federation of Master Builders (FMB) found that 54% of SME house builders said that the lack of finance was constraining their ability to build more homes. In another FMB report, it is stated that the number of new homes built in 2016 by SME firms fell below a quarter of market output for the first time ever. While larger house builders are growing volumes, SME house builders are shrinking. This doesn’t make a healthy housing market from which to increase supply.
Richard Werth, CEO of Troy Homes, says: “The ties holding back SME housebuilders are often financial and the current lending landscape for SME builders remains bleak. Borrowing is very expensive and requires substantially more capital than in the past.
“SME housebuilders need more capital today to build the same number of homes than we used to build, with far more onerous legal and monitoring terms. Our options are, in reality, fairly limited and put us at a huge disadvantage to larger house builders. Clearing banks will lend up to 65% of the cost of a development with implementable planning permission, at reasonably acceptable interest rates. However, their arrangement fees and all the legal/ valuation and monitoring costs are substantial. On the other hand, other lenders such as joint venture financiers or Challenger Banks, usually charge higher interest rates and substantial arrangement fees but with less onerous conditions to drawing funds.”
He adds: “Almost all lenders now want the SME house builder to put in 100% of its funds before the lender provides their money. In addition, lenders take their funds out first. This leaves housebuilders requiring far more equity to build the same number of projects than they did in the past. Therefore, we have to build less with the same operating capital or find funds from another source. Most banks, joint ventures and financiers are interested in short term profit, rather than supporting us for the long term.”
The Government’s Homes & Communities Agency and Lloyds Bank are behind the Housing Growth Partnership (HGP), which was set up to help address housing affordability. The HGP undertakes to partner and support SMEs housebuilders in sustainable growth, with the aim of increasing the number of homes they can produce.
In Richard’s view: “The HGP is certainly an alternative source of investment for SME housebuilders, but their terms are very expensive, albeit they share in the success, or not, of each site.”
He continues “The current lending position for SME housebuilders is strangling our pipelines and slowing down the rate at which we can grow. If SME housebuilders are going to provide the new homes at the rate and quality that the market demands and the government wants, we need improved terms on loans so that we can retain more of our capital for investment in more developments and to bid on larger schemes.
“There have been discussions about a government backed “Help-to-Build” scheme where, like Help to Buy, the government would support SMEs by providing guarantees on our borrowing. This would enable us to retain more of our capital for additional developments and enable us to build more homes. It is fair to say that, because Help-to-Buy has so successfully boosted demand, SME housebuilders need a Help-to-Build scheme in order to continue to grow supply to meet the UK’s housing needs. Help-to-Build could offer a guarantee to banks to encourage greater lending and use the banks’ network to ensure efficient distribution of enhanced loans. This is better than using the HCA or other government lending routes such as the British Business Bank.
“If Help-to-Build is introduced, and successful, it will also be the catalyst for a sea-change in the lending landscape for all SME housebuilders because, for once, there will be a chance for SMEs to grow the housing market without the need for the government to rely on the volume house builders.”